WHAT IS IT?

Tourism is responsible for nearly 10% of jobs worldwide… but it’s also responsible for 5% of global CO2 emissions. As such an important part of our economy and our environment, making sure the sector is environmentally, socially and financially sustainable is critical.

The Sustainable Tourism Programme envisions a tourism sector that leaves the world’s people and planet better. It’s working to make that shift through improvements in innovation, collaboration, efficiency and monitoring, and the adoption of a life-cycle approach. By implementing best practices in resource- efficient and low-carbon tourism, the programme helps the tourism sector reduce the loss of biodiversity, preserve ecosystems and cultural heritage, reduce poverty and support sustainable livelihoods around the globe.

VISION

The Kasane Call to Action on Sustainable Tourism: “The Tourism We Want”, is a call to transform the way tourism is developed and managed by providing guidance on opportunities for the industry to contribute to sustainable consumption and production patterns.

The third edition of the One Planet Sustainable Tourism Programme magazine shares thehighlights of the network’s activities over the last year. In the spotlight are the four tenets of the Kasane Call to Action on Sustainable Tourism: Lead, Innovate, Finance, Empower— and the achievements under each action—aligned by the One Planet network’s new five-year strategy. It also focuses on advances in cutting-edge technology, championing the circular economy and scaling up sustainable consumption and production patterns in the tourism sector.

BUSINESS

Nature is one of the Baltic Sea region’s most valuable assets. It attracts visitors from around the world, and the tourism industry expects 20% growth over the next two decades. But the natural beauty that attracts travellers is also threatened by them. In addition to land use, tourism demands resources such as water, energy and food, and increases waste and pollution.

Tourism’s take-make-dispose model is no longer viable, and the CIRTOINNO project is supporting thetransition to a circular tourism economy. The ‘Destination: a circular tourism economy’ handbook is the firststep, outlining how to promote and strengthen the implementation of circular economy—and its innovative solutions—in the South Baltic region.


Small and medium sized enterprises play a big role in the tourism industry, and access to financing is critical for their growth. Unfortunately, many have trouble getting the money they need to start, improve or expand their businesses. The Tailor-made Financing Programme for Sustainable Tourism Micro and Small to Medium Sized Businesses in Costa Rica makes credit available to small businesses that may not qualify for traditional credit. Since 2006, more than 280 projects have been financed, including tourism-centred projects such as environmental education tours, trail improvement, and implementation of water harvesting, clean energy, aquaculture and wastewater treatments.

  • $12 million USD investment
  • 60% of projects developed by families
  • 33% of projects were led by women
  • 93% repayment rate in 2017, up from 80% in 2016

TECHNOLOGY

Switching to sustainable practices doesn’t have to be costly. Federación de Empresas de Turismo de Chile has helped 165 tourism companies implement cost-effective technological improvements to reduce their energy consumption and carbon footprints.

So far 39 companies have made changes, including switching to renewable energy, using LED lighting and water-saving filters, purchasing energy-efficient appliances, improving building insulation and introducing recycling and composting programmes.

ZERO CARBON RESORTS

Since 2014, the Zero Carbon Resorts for Sustainable Tourism project in the Philippines and Thailand project has supported more than 800 tourism establishments as they work towards carbon neutral operations. Tactics range from simple measures like identifying and eliminating energy and resource waste, to efficient, high- tech methods of heating and cooling. These efforts have lead to a 63% reduction of energy and water costs and prevented more than 11 million kg of CO2 emissions— proving that making businesses sustainable is not only good for the environment, it makes good economic sense.

Milestones

  • 1987

    The Brundtland Report ́Our Common Future ́

    ‘Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’.

  • 1992

    The Earth Summit (Rio)

    Agenda 21: Highlights the role of tourism in decentralizing urban development and reducing discrepancies among regions, as well as the role of ecotourism as a tool to promote economic growth and contribute to the protection ecosystems and biodiversity.

    1992

  • 1994

    Oslo Symposium on Sustainable Consumption

    First definition of SCP: ‘The use of services and related products, which respond to basic needs and bring a better quality of life while minimizing the use of natural resources and toxic materials as well as the emissions of waste and pollutants over the life cycle of the service or product so as not to jeopardize the needs of further generations’.

  • 2001

    Adoption of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism by UN Resolution 56/212

    Importance of safeguarding the natural environment and prioritizing a form of tourism that aims at saving resources.

    2001

  • 2002

    World Summit on Sustainable Development

    Call for the development of the 10YFP.


    The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation:
    Encourages the promotion of sustainable tourism development.

  • 2003

    The Marrakesh Process for the implementation of SCP

    Among the 7 task forces appointed: Interna- tional Task Force on Sustainable Tourism (ITF-SDT), later succeeded by the Global Partner- ship for Sustainable Tourism.

    2003

  • 2012

    Rio+20

    Adoption of the 10YFP.


    The Future We Want: Emphasizes on the role of sustainable tourism as driver for change as well as the importance for better well—informed decision making.

  • 2014

    UNGA Resolution 69/233 on the promotion of sustainable tourism, including ecotourism, for poverty eradication and environmental protection based on the Resolution 67/223 adopted in 2012.


    10YFP Sustainable Tourism Programme launched as a platform to gather initiatives and partnerships to accelerate the shift to SCP patterns in tourism.

    2014

  • 2015

    2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development ́Transforming our world ́

    SDG 12 dedicated to SCP.


    Target 12.b.

    Develop and implement tools to monitor sustain- able development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local cultures and products.

  • 2016

    UNGA Resolution 71/240: Recognizes the contribution of tourism in accelerating the change to SCP; welcomes the adoption of the 10YFP SCP and the launching of the Sustainable Tourism Programme.


    Petra Declaration on Investing in Tourism for an Inclusive Future: Calls for the integration and prioritization of SCP in tourism national planning and policy making.


    Cancun Declaration on mainstreaming the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity for well-being (COP13-CBD): Highlights the positive contribution of sustainable tourism to biodiversity conservation.

    2016

  • 2017

    UN International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development

    Chengdu Declaration on Tourism and the SDGs: Affirms the need to develop national and local integrated and holistic approaches to tourism policy to leverage the sector’s positive impact on people, planet and prosperity, and its key role for contributing to the achievement of the SDGs, particularly SDG 12 on SCP.


    Montego Bay Declaration on Jobs and Inclusive Growth: Insists the need to prioritize inclusive and green growth in tourism and foster investment in infrastructure and technology to decouple economic growth from resources use.

  • 2018

    High-Level Political Forum of the ECOSOC

    In-depth review of SDG 12.

    2018